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2019年成人高考专升本《英语》考点:主谓一致
发布日期:2019/3/14 9:42:53 来源:广东成考网 阅读: 【字体:

  1.and的用法

  and连接并列主语时,谓语动词用复数。例如:

  Both he and I are right.

  Mr. Black and Mrs. Black have a son called Tom.

  但并列主语如果指的是同一人,同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数,例如:

  His teacher and friend is a beautiful girl.

  The poet and writer has come.

  当连接的是两个不可分的东西时,谓语动词用单数,例如:

  Whisky and soda is my favorite drink.

  Bread and butter is my favorite snack.

  由and连接的并列主语中如果有each, every, no修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。例如:

  Every boy and every girl has a dictionary at hand.

  Each man and each woman has a dancing partner at the party.

  In our country every boy and every girl has the right to receive education.

  2.就近原则:

  not…but…,not only … but also…,either……or,…,neither……nor…,there be…,here…

  以上词语连接两个主语时,以离动词最近的主语形式为准,如:

  Either Mr. Smith or his wife and sons have to face the difficulties.

  There are fourteen chairs and a whiteboard in the meeting room.

  经典试题:

  One or more pages are missing.

  The headmaster or I am going to hand out the papers.

  3.就远原则:

  with, along with, together with, including, except, but, besides, rather than, instead of

  以上词语连接两个主语时,以离动词远的主语形式为准,如:

  The library including 5,000 books was burnt down last night.

  The teacher rather than the students was wrong.

  4.集合名词:

  Family, class, group, team, crew, committee,等

  如以上名词作主语时,如果指一个整体,谓语动词就是单数;如果指成员时,谓语动词用复数,如:

  The class is made up of 40 students.

  5.单独的动名词,不定式,从句,时间,金钱,距离,学科,疾病,组织(专有名词)做主语时,谓语动词用单数,如;

  Swimming is good for you.

  Fifty dollars is too much for me.

  Father gave me a dictionary as a birthday gift, which makes me excited.

  Physics is really difficult for me to learn.

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