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2016年广东成人高考专升本英语模拟试题(1)
发布日期:2017-7-12 18:11:45 来源:广东成考网 阅读: 【字体:
2016年成人高考专升本英语模拟试题(1)

I.Phonetics(5points)

第1题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A.sincere

B.there

C.mere

D.here

第2题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A.trouble

B.soul

C.double

D.enough

第3题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A.either

B.eight

C.neither

D.height

第4题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A. wall

B. shall

C. fall

D. call

第5题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )。

A.car

B.far

C.war

D.star

Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)

第6题单选 All the students in this class passed the English exanthe exception of Li Ming.

A.on

B.in

C.for

D.with

第7题单选 The room is in a terrible dirty surroundings;itcleaned.

A.can’t have been

B.shouldn’t have been

C.mustn’t,have been

D.wouldn’t have been

第8题单选 Young adultsolder people are more hkely to prefer pop songs.

A.other than

B.more than

C.1ess than

D.rather than

第9题单选 That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but _ the police.

A.calledin

B.callingin

C.callin

D.tocallin

第10题单选 Does everyone on earth have an equal right _ an equal share of its resources?

A.by

B.at

C.to

D.over

第11题单选 The ancient Egyptians are supposedrockets to the moon.

A.to send

B.to be sending

C.to have sent

D.to have been sending

第12题单选 The traditional approachwith complex problems is to break them down into smaller.Moreeasily managed problems.

A.to dealing

B.in dealing

C.dealing

D.to deal

第13题单选 The little girl could notthe attraction of the piece of the chocolate.

A.consist

B.persist

C.insist

D.resist

第14题单选 The organization had broken no rules, but _ had it acted responsibly.

A.neither

B.so

C.either

D.both

第15题单选 you eat the correct foodsbe able to keep fit and stay healthy.

A.Only if;you will

B.Only if;will you

C.Unless;you will

D.Unless;will you

第16题单选 You her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.

A. needn't have seen

B. must have seen

C. might have seen

D. can' t have seen

第17题单选 1 haven' t decided which hotel

A. to stay

B. is to stay at

C. to stay at

D. is for staying

第18题单选 They took _ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping.

A. fnutful

B. beneficial

C. valuable

D. effective

第19题单选 Staying in a hotel costsrenting a room in a dormitory for a week.

A.twice more

B.twice as much as

C.as much twice as

D.as much as twice

第20题单选 Many children,_ parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village.

A.ofthem

B.whose

C.their

D.withwhom

Cloze ( 30 points)

第21题单选 根据以下材料,回答下面试题

Drawing a picture is the simplest way of putting an idea down on paper.That is 21 menfirst began to write six thousand years ago or22.The alphabet we now use 23 down to usover a long period of time.It was developed from the picture—writing of ancient Egypt.

Picture—writing was useful in many 24.It could be used to express ideas as well as 25.For example,a drawing of a26meant the object“man". 27 a drawing of a man lying on the groud with a spear in him meant“28”.

Besides the Egyptians,the Chinese 29 the American Indians also developed ways 30writing in pictures.But only 31much could be said this way.Thousands of pictures would have beenneeded 32 express all the ideas that people might have.It would have taken many thousand more toexpress all the objects33 to men.No one could34 so many pictures in a lifetime.Nor couldanyone learn the meaning of all 35 drawings in a lifetime.

第21题单选

A.when

B.because

C.where

D.How

第22题单选

A.over

B.more

C.else

D.1ater

第23题单选

A.went

B.showed

C.appeared

D.came

第24题单选

A.sides

B.colours

C.ways

D.meanings

第25题单选

A.stories

B.animals

C.objects

D.subjects

第26题单选

A.creature

B.being

C.woman

D.mail

第27题单选

A.But

B.For

C.Besides

D.Because

第28题单选

A.die

B.death

C.sleep

D.down

第29题单选

A.and

B.with

C.helped

D.followed.

第30题单选

A.to

B.about

C.on

D.of

第31题单选

A.not

B.very

C.so

D.too

第32题单选

A.to

B.for

C.possibly

D.Actually

第33题单选

A.known

B.with

C.called

D.in

第34题单选

A.write

B.draw

C.watch

D.Take

第35题单选

A.many

B.some

C.that

D.such

Reading Comprehension( 60 points)

第36题单选 根据以下材料,回答下面试题

The banana"tree"is actually not a real tree.This is because there is no wood in the stem(树干)rising above the ground.The stem is made up of leaves growing very close toge‘her,one msldethe other.The leaves spread out at the top of the stem and rise in the air·

Banana plants need a lot of care and attention.They must be provided with water if the normal rainfall doesn’t supply enough.The area around the plants must be kept free of weeds(杂草)andgrass.

About nine or ten months after planting,a flower appears on the banana plant.This flower is atthe end of a long stalk(茎),which grows from the base up through the center of the stem and turns downward when it comes out from the top.Small bananas form on this flower stalk as it grows down。ward.Bananas really grow upside down.As the small bananas form on the stalk,they point downward.but as they grow they turn and point upward.

Bananas are harvested while they are still green. Even when they are to be eaten where they are grown,they are not allowed to ripen on the plant.A banana that turols yellow on the plant losesits taste.

第36题单选 The first paragraph in the text mainly discusses.

A.whv the stem of the tree is wood

B.how the banana grows on the stem

C.whv the banana tree is not a tree

D.how the leaves grow out of the stem

第37题单选 The underlined word“it’’in the third paragraph refers to .

A.the leaf

B.the stalk

C.the stem

D.the Plant

第38题单选 According to the text,where do bananas actually grow?

A.On the stem.

B.On the leaves.

C.0n the flower stalk.

D.On the base of the stem.

第39题单选 From the text we know when bananas are harvested,they are.

A.green and pointing upward

B.yellow and pointing downward

C.green and pointing downward

D.yellow and pointing upward

第40题单选 根据以下材料,回答下面试题

How men first learned to invent words is unknown;in other words,the origin of language is amystery.All we really know is that men,unlike animals,somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings,actions and things,so that they could communicate with each other;and that later they agreed upon certain signs,called letters,which could be combined to representthose sounds and which could be written down.Those sounds,whether spoken,or written in letters,we call words.

The power of words,then,lies in their associations—the things they bring up before ourminds.Words become filled with meaning for us by experience;and the longer We live,the morecertain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past;and the more we read and learn,themore the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not oily have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in wordswhich appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions.This charming and telling use of words is whatwe call literary(文字的)style.AboVe all,the real poet is a master of Words.He can convey hismeaning in words which sing like music,and which by their position and association can move mento tears.We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accuratel3r,or they willmake our speech silly and rude.

第40题单选The origin of language.

A.is a legend handed down from the past

B.is reflected in sounds and letters

C.dates back to the prehistoric period

D.is a problem not yet solved

第41题单选 One of the reasons why men invented certain sounds to express thoughts and actions isthat.

A.they could agree upon certain signs

B.they could write them down

C.they could communicate with each other

D.they could combine them

第42题单选 What is true about words?

A.They are used to express feelings only.

B.They can not be written down.

C.They are represented either by sounds or letters.

D.They are visual letters.

第43题单选 The real power of words exists in their.

A.accuracy

B.beauty

C.charm

D.representative function

第44题单选 根据以下材料,回答下面试题

0ne evening Mr.Green was driving home along a lonely country road.He had£1,000 in hispocket.At the loneliest part of the road,a man asked for a lift(搭车).Mr.Green told him to get intothe car and continued his drivin9.When he talked to the man and learned that the man had been inDrison for robbery and had broken out of prison two days before,Mr.Green was very worried·

Suddenlv he saw a police.car and had a bright idea.He just reached a small town where thesDeed limit was 30 miles an hour.But he drove the car as fast as it could go.He looked back and sawthat the police-car had begun to cbase him.After a mile or so the police-car overtook(赶上)him andordered him to stop.A policeman got out and came to Mr.Green’s car.Mr.Green hoped that hecould tell the policeman about the escaped robber,but he fblt the man had put a gun against hisback.The Doliceman took out his notebook and pencil,saying he wanted Mr.Green’s name andaddress.Mr.Green asked to be taken to the police station, but the policeman said,“N0, you will have to appear at the police station later.” Mr.Green had to do as the policeman told him.TheDoliceman wrote his name and address down,put his notebook and pencil back in his pocket Idgave Mr. Green a talk about dangerous driving.Then Mr.Green started up his car again and drove on.

Just as he reached the suburb of London,the passenger said,“I want to get off here.”Mr.Green stopped the car,the man got out and said,“Thanks for the lift.You’Ve been good to me.This is the least I can do in return.’’And he handed Mr.Green the policeman’s notebook,which he stole while the policeman was talking to Mr.Green.

第44题单选 The man asking for a lift was.

A.a robber who robbed drivers

B.a policeman who had worked in prison

C.a Drisoner who had escaped from prison

D.a stranger with£1,000 in his pocket

第45题单选 Mr.Green was worried because·

A.he was driving along a lonely road

B.he had taken a stranger in his car

C.he saw a police—car

D.he was afraid that the man might rob him

第46题单选 Mr.GIeen asked to be taken to the police station because he·

A.didn’t like to give his name and address to the policeman

B.wanted to get help and tell the truth there

C.didn’t like to talk too much with the policeman

D.wanted to leave the man in his car and let him go

第47题单选 What’S the end of the story?

A.The prisoner stole the policeman’s notebook and gave it to Mr·Green in return.

B.The prisoner was caught.

C.The prisoner robbed Mr.Green.

D.Mr.Green sent the prisoner to the police station.

第48题单选 根据以下材料,回答下面试题

“When one of the doctors criticizes(批评)me,I get defensive:I feel like a child again,being scolded.and l want to explain that l’m not wrong.”says Viola,a nurse.This is a common reaction(反应)to criticism,but not a good one.There are better ways of dealing with criticism.

(1)Try to be objective(客观).When Sol was criticized by his new employer for not havingmade a sale,Sol’s reaction Was to feel sorry for himself.“I had put everything I had into makingthat sale,”Sol says,“and I felt that I had failed as a person.I had to learn through experience not to react like that to each failure.”

(2)Take time to cool down.Rather than reacting immediately to criticism,take some time tothink over what was said.Your first question should be whether the criticism is fair from the otherperson’s position.The problem may be a simple misunderstanding of what you did or your reasons for doing it.

(3)Take positive(积极的)action.After you cool down,consider what you can do about thesituation.The best answer may be“nothing”.“I finally realized that my boss was having personalproblems and taking them out on me because l was there,”says Sheila.“His criticisms didn’t reallyhave anytlling to do with my work,so nothing I said or did was going to change them.”In Sheila’s case,the best way to deal with it was to leave her job.However,that’s an extreme reaction.Youmay simply explain your opinion without expecting an in—depth discussion.You may even decide.thatthe battle isn’t worth fighting this time.The key,in any case,is to have a reasonable plan.

第48题单选 When Sol was criticized by his employer,he.

A.argued bitterly with his employer

B.was angry and gave up his job

C.was sorry for what he did

D.was sad and self-pitying

第49题单选 According to the writer,you should take time to think about criticism because.

A.people may have a mistaken idea of what you did

B.you should welcome other people’s opinions

C.people may discuss it with you in depth

D.you need time to understand yourself

第50题单选 When the writer says that“the best answer may be‘nothing’”,he means you may decide.

A.to take no notice of the criticism

B.to argue with your boss

C.you need to change your job

D.you’ve done nothing wrong

第51题单选 The writer thinks Sheila can decide to leave her job because her boss.

A.didn’t like her appearance

B.refused to change his opinion

C.made an unreasonable criticism

D.refused to talk to her about the criticism

第52题单选 根据以下材料,回答下面题

Animals have different ways of protecting themselves against wintertime weather.Some animalsgrow heavy coats of fur or feathers,while others dig into the ground to find a warm wintertime home.Some animals spend the winter in a deep sleep because by going to sleep they avoid the time of theyear when food is scarce and the temperatures are low.Their sleep is known as hibernation.

There is much about hibernation that puzzles scientists.For example,they are wondering how hibernation came into being.Some scientists have explored the possibility that animals release a chemicalthat starts them hibernating.

One thing that scientists are certain about is that animals hibernate only when it is cold.Hibernation is a seasonal practice.

Some animals that fall into a wintertime sleep are not true hibernators because they spend only apart of the cold season asleep.Bears,for example,can easily be awakened from their winter nap.They are not true hibernators.

Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether a particular animal is a true hibernator.Forexample,some mice hibernate,but others do not.The same is true of bats.Some of them hibernate.Other do not.

第52题单选 Hibernation is a seasonal practice.This means it.

A.takes place only during a particular season

B.occurs only during the night

C.is a daily practice

D.only happenswhen a species becomes over-populated

第53题单选 Some scientists believe that hibernation is started by.

A.over-eating

B.calcium deposits

C.a be6 chemical

D.a lack of water

第54题单选 The underlined word”hibernation”in paragraph l means.

A.a sleep to avoid eating

B.a temperature in cold weather

C.a sleep in the cold season

D.an animal to practice sleep in winter

第55题单选 The main idea of this passage is that.

A.many animals die during hibernation

B.hibernation protects animals during the wintertime

C.scientists feel puzz1ed about hibernation

D.some bats hibenlate and others do not
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