您当前位置:广东成考网 >> 学习资料 >> 专升本 >> 英语 >> 浏览文章
成考专升本英语预测命题试卷
发布日期:2017-4-19 17:20:49 来源:广东成考网 阅读: 【字体:

  Ⅰ、 Phonetics  (5 Points)

  Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  1.A. beach    B. beat    C. beast    D. great

  2.A. fortune    B. public   C. Russia   D. suffer

  3.A. familiar    B. family   C. blanket   D. factory

  4.A. thrown    B. follow   C. brown   D. shown

  5.A. nineteenth   B. ninth    C. southern   D. fifth

  Ⅱ、Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

  Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  6. The old man found _______ on the floor.

  A. lying dead    B. lying death   C. laying dead   D. laying death

  7. This restaurant always _______ delicious dishes.

  A. gives     B. offers     C. have     D. serves

  8. There is _______ sugar. You needn't go to buy any.

  A. plenty of    B. a large number of  C. a great many   D. plenty

  9. Hardly _______ sat down when the telephone rang.

  A. did I     B. had I     C. I     D. have I

  10. _______ in the open air, wet clothes can get dry easily.

  A. Hang     B. Hanged    C. Hung     D. To hang

  11. He doesn't spend much time _______ his homework.

  A. in     B. with     C. on    D. for

  12.-What do you think of it?

  -It just happened _______ we had expected.

  A. that     B. which    C. it     D. as

  13. They found a _______ old woman ________ on the ground when the door was broken open.

  A. dying…lying   B. dead…lied   C. death…laying   D. died…lain

  14. _______, the children went to the park.

  A. It was a fine day       B. Being a fine day

  C. It being a fine day       D. Because the fine day

  15. The squirrel was lucky that it just missed _______.

  A. catching    B. to be caught   C. being caught   D. to catch

  16. Don't get off the bus until it ________.

  A. has stopped   B. stopped    C. will stop    D. shall stop

  17. I took _______ tea than you.

  A. less    B. few      C. fewer     D. little

  18. The squirrel was lucky that it just missed _______.

  A. catching   B. to be caught    C. being caught   D. to catch

  19. I must be off now. It's time I _______ to school.

  A. go    B. went      C. will go    D. am going

  20. John is _______ of the two students.

  A. cleverer   B. the clever     C. the cleverer   D. the cleverest

  Ⅲ、 Cloze (10 points)

  Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella's father and mother ____21___. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her ___22___ in the house all day long.

  One day, the Prince was ___23___. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. __24___ the dance the Prince would choose his wife.

  When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, "You can't go." Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire ___25___.

  ___26___ she heard a gentle voice saying, "Don't cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you." Cinderella ___27___ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. "Now go to the dance." said the little lady.

  Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her ___28___. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes ___29___. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe.

  "If anyone can wear this small shoe," he said, "She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her."

  When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended ___30___ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. "Let Cinderella try." Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after.

  21. A. both were dead        B. were both death

  C. were both died        D. were both dead

  22. A. to do all the work       B. did all the work

  C. do all the work        D. doing all the work

  23. A. old enough to be married with     B. old enough to marry

  C. old enough to marry with      D. old enough to be married

  24. A. During the night of       B. At the night of

  C. One the night of       D. In the night of

  25. A. to cry   B. crying   C. to be crying   D. to be cried

  26. A. Sudden   B. All on sudden  C. On sudden    D. All of a sudden

  27. A. looked up   B. looked at   C. looked for    D. looked down

  28. A. at that time  B. at times   C. all the time   D. at one time

  29. A. on the steps  B. within the steps C. in the steps    D. under the steps

  30. A. to put on   B. putting on   C. to wear    D. to have on

  Ⅳ、Reading Comprehension (75 points)

  Directions: There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  What's the best way to protect a tender, green seedling from the hungry stomach of deer? Give the seedling bad breath!

  The same chemical that gives people bad breath after they have eaten garlic can save small trees from being eaten by animals.

  A kind of chemical selenium(硒), which is also found in garlic, is planted in the soil near a young tree. The tree's roots absorb the selenium which is then carried to the leaves.

  From there the selenium is used to form a chemical called dimethylselenide (乙烷硒化物)-the same chemical made in the human mouth after eating garlic. As deer wander around looking for food, they smell the seedlings' leaves and leave the plants alone.

  The selenium is important. Why? Because each year deer eat millions of dollars' worth of trees farm seedlings.

  So far, selenium has been tested only on Douglas fir (枞树) seedlings, but researchers think they could protect fruit trees and garden plants, too.

  31. When people eat garlic, ________.

  A. they send out a horrible smell      B. they are out of breath

  C. they will feel sick        D. it is hard for them to breathe

  32. According to this passage the bad smell given off from those leaves is that of ______.

  A. the young trees absorb garlic

  B. the roots of the young trees smell like garlic

  C. the young trees aren't fit for the deer to eat

  D. the leaves of the young trees smell like garlic

  34. Up till the time the news was announced, this kind of chemical was used _______.

  A. all over the world        B. all over the United States

  C. on fruit trees and garden trees      D. on Douglas fir young trees

  35. The best title of this passage is ________.

  A. Hungry Deer and Young Trees    B. Why Don't Deer Eat Young Fruit Trees

  C. Plants Saved by "Bad Breath"     D. How to Protect Young Trees

  Passage Two

  Hair loss is one of those things we still do not understand. Science has, of course, shown that men are more likely than women to suffer major hair loss. Some kinds of hair loss are temporary (暂时的), an effect of illness. In those cases we can expect the hair to grow back.

  It all depends on whether the hair root is alive. If it is not, hair loss is permanent and nothing will help. Some daily loss of hair is a normal, healthy sign. Most people lose between 40 to 50 scalp hairs each day.

  Each of these scalp hairs grows for from two to six years and then rests. About three months later it is pushed out by a new hair growing from the same root.

  This is not something that should cause great concern. Something else we know is that normal hair loss is seasonal, with the most hair loss occurring in the fall. Everyone experiences a normal cycle of loss and growth.

  The problem of hair loss results when loss is greater than growth. The main cause of hair loss in men seems to be accumulation (积累) of a hormone (荷尔蒙) in the body. When that hormone reaches a certain level, the hair growing period is shortened and hair loss is the result. This is no cure for most cases of hair loss. This, however, is not the end of the world.

  36. According to science, _________.

  A. hair loss is a normal, healthy sign

  B. man should pay special attention to hair loss

  C. it's likely that men have more problems of hair loss

  D. men lose more hair than women do

  37. The writer thinks _______.

  A. illness causes hair loss

  B. human beings have no way to cure hair loss

  C. hair loss happening in the fall is an effect of illness

  D. hair loss is permanent

  38. We now know that the most hair loss happening in the autumn is ________.

  A. permanent   B. healthy sign   C. seasonal    D. nothing serious

  39. The sentence "This, however, is not the end of the world" means _______.

  A. man is sure to find the best way of curing his hair loss in the future

  B. the writer believes the earth exists for ever

  C. we can't destroy the world by any means

  D. the last day will never come to our people

  40. The best title for the passage may be ________.

  A. Loss or Growth       B. Hair Loss

  C. Healthy Sign       D. Change with Seasons

  Passage Three

  On the morning of November 18,1755, an earthquake shook Boston, Massachusetts. John Winthrop, a professor at Harvard College, felt the quake and awoke. "I rose," Winthrop wrote, "and lighting a candle, looked on my watch, and found it was 15 minutes after four." John Winthrop went downstairs to the grandfather clock. It had stopped four minutes before, at 4:11. Except for stopping the clock, the quake had only thrown a key from the mantel (壁炉台) to the floor.

  The clock had stopped because Winthrop had put some long glass tubes he was using for an experiment into the case for care. The quake had knocked the tubes over and blocked the pendulum (钟摆)。 Winthrop, therefore, had the exact time that the earthquake had hit Boston. He looked at the key on the floor. The quake had thrown it forward in the direction of the quake's motion (运动) by a shock coming from the northwest, perhaps in Canada.

  41. The text proves that _______.

  A. the power of nature is terrible

  B. earthquakes happen most often during nighttime hours

  C. the direction of an earthquake can be discovered

  D. universities study the cause of earthquakes

  42. The text suggests that _________.

  A. Boston was badly destroyed     B. earthquakes are common in Boston

  C. John Winthrop had difficulty sleeping   D. John Winthrop was a scientist

  43. Which of the following is true?________.

  A. Some tubes were broken into pieces and stopped the old clock

  B. The professor lit a candle because of power failure

  C. Boston is in the southeast of Canada

  D. The shocks were slight in one way

  44. The earthquake happened ________.

  A. several minutes before the professor awoke

  B. and the professor awoke at 4:15

  C. in the centre of Boston

  D. when John Winthrop felt it

  45. Choose the right order according to the text.

  a. The bed was shaking and John Winthrop awoke.

  b. John Winthrop looked attentively at this watch.

  c. John Winthrop got up to light a candle.

  d. The earthquake happened in Boston in 1755.

  e. John Winthrop knew the quake's direction.

  f. John Winthrop knew the exact quake's time.

  g. John Winthrop looked at the key on the floor.

  A. g, d, e, a, c, b, f  

  B. d, a, c, b, f, g, e  

  C. a, e, d, c, b, f, g  

  D. e, d, g, b, c, a, f

  Passage Four

  Oceanography has been defined as "The application of all sciences to the study of the sea".

  Before the nineteenth century scientists with an interest in the sea were few and far between. Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in his writings, but he was reluctant to go to sea to further his work.

  For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travelers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, let alone to ask what lay beneath the surface. The first time that the question "What is at the bottom of the oceans?" had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineer had to know the depth profile (起伏形状) of the route to estimate the length of cable that had to be manufactured.

  It was to Maury of the US Navy that the Atlantic Telegraph Company turned, in 1853, for information on this matter. In the 1840s, Maury had been responsible for encouraging voyages during which soundings (测水深) were taken to investigate the depths of the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Later, some of his findings aroused much popular interest in his book The Physical Geography of the Sea.

  The cable was laid, but not until 1866 was the connection made permanent and reliable. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growths, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in deeper parts of the sea.

  Within a few years oceanography was under way. In 1872 Thomson led a scientific expedition (考察), which lasted for four years and brought home thousands of samples from the sea. Their classification and analysis occupied scientists for years and led to five-volume report, the last volume being published in 1895.

  46. The proposal to lay a telegraph cable from Europe to America made oceanographic studies take on ________.

  A. an academic aspect      B. a military aspect

  C. a business aspect      D. an international aspect

  47. It was ________ that asked Maury for help in oceanographic studies.

  A. the American Navy

  B. some early intercontinental travelers

  C. those who earned a living from the sea

  D. the company which proposed to lay an undersea cable

  48. The aim of the voyages Maury was responsible for in the 1840s was _______.

  A. to make some sounding experiments in the oceans

  B. to collect samples of sea plants and animals

  C. to estimate the length of cable that was needed

  D. to measure the depths of the two ocean

  49. "Defied" in the 5th paragraph probably means "________".

  A. doubted   B. gave proof to   C. challenged    D. agreed to

  50. This passage is mainly about _______.

  A. the beginnings of oceanography

  B. the laying of the first undersea cable

  C. the investigation of ocean depths

  D. the early intercontinental communications

  Passage Five

  Some people hate everything that is modern. They cannot imagine how anyone can really like modern music; they find it hard to accept the new fashions in clothing; they think that all modern painting is ugly; and they seldom have a good word for the new buildings that are being built everywhere in the world. Such people look for perfection in everything, and they take their standards of perfection from the past. They are usually impatient with anyone who is brave enough to experiment with new or to express himself or the age in materials original ways. It is, of course, true that many artists do not succeed in their work and instead produce works that can only be considered as failures. If the work of art is a painting, the artist's failure concerns himself alone, but if it is a building, his failure concerns others too, because it may damage the beauty of the whole place. This does sometimes happen, but it is completely untrue to say, as some people do, that modern architecture is nothing.

  We can't judge every modern building by the standards of the ancient time, even though we admire the ancient buildings. Technologically, the modern buildings are more advanced. The modern architect knows he should learn from the ancient works, but with his greater resources of knowledge and materials, he will never be content to imitate the past. He is too proud to do that.

  51. Some people hate everything that is modern because _______.

  A. they are aged

  B. they find it hard to accept modern things

  C. they take their standards of perfection from the Greek

  D. they look at things by the standards of the past

  52. The writer of the passage thinks that ________.

  A. it is true to say artists fail in their work

  B. it is untrue to say artists fail in their work

  C. it is true to say some artists fail in their work

  D. it is true to say only painters fail in their work

  53. The writer thinks the failure of a building _______.

  A. means nothing      B. concerns others

  C. concerns only the artist    D. concerns all the people in the world

  54. The writer thinks that _________.

  A. we can't judge buildings by the ancient standards

  B. we can't judge all the buildings by the ancient standards

  C. we can't judge all the modern buildings by the ancient standards

  D. we can't judge modern buildings

  55. Technologically, the modern buildings are more advanced. The sentence means _____.

  A. the ancient architects had no technology

  B. the modern architects use more advanced technology

  C. the modern buildings are advanced because they are completely different from the ancient buildings

  D. the modern buildings are more beautiful

  V、Daily Conversations (10%)

  Directions: Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  56. Pat: Did you fail the test again?

  Jane: _____________

  57. Fred: Why shouldn't we go to the beach first and then come back to the hotel for dinner?

  Nancy: _______________.

  58. Henry: I told you not to smoke here any more.

  Ann: ______________

  59. Bill: I want to learn how to play the piano, but I don't know if I could do it.

  Rose: _______________.

  60: John: I hate this house. It's cold in winter and hot in summer.

  Alice: _______________.

  VI、 Writing (25 points)

  Directions:For this part,you are allowed 20 minutes to write a letter of about 80 words according to the following situation.

  近些年来,空气污染问题日益受到人们的关注。写一篇有关这方面的短文,内容应涉及:

  1. 空气污染的危害

  2. 一些可行的解决方法

 
相关“成考专升本英语预测命题试卷”的文章

广东成考便捷服务

成考招生